In literature, deportation appears as an overriding theme in the 1935 novel, Strange Passage by Theodore D. Irwin.
Films depicting or dealing with fictional cases of deportation are many and varied. Among them are Ellis Island (1936), Exile Express (1939), Five Came Back (1939), Deported (1950), and Gambling House (1951). More recently,
(2002) treated the issue of U.S. deportation to the Caribbean post-1997.