prisoners and gendarmes on the road to siberia
1891 certificate of identity
of the imperial government of china
. the case to which this document pertains is representative of the many chinese deportation case files within the records of the us district court
, los angeles county, california
deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country. the term expulsion is often used as a synonym for deportation, though expulsion is more often used in the context of international law, while deportation is more used in national (municipal) law. forced displacement or forced migration of an individual or a group may be caused by deportation, for example ethnic cleansing, and other reasons.